AskDefine | Define reporter

Dictionary Definition

reporter n : a person who investigates and reports or edits news stories [syn: newsman, newsperson]

User Contributed Dictionary

see Reporter

English

Pronunciation

Etymology

-er report

Noun

  1. a journalist who investigates, edits and reports news stories for newspapers, radio and television
  2. a person who records and issues official reports of judicial or legislative proceedings

Translations

  • Croatian: reporter
  • Czech: zpravodaj (journalist)
  • German: Reporter

Croatian

Etymology

From reporter.

Noun

hr-noun m
  1. reporter (journalist who investigates)

French

Etymology 1

re- + porter

Pronunciation

/ʁǝ.pɔʁ.te/

Verb

reporter
  1. to carry forward
    Après avoir été reportées de nombreuses fois, les épreuves ont finalement eu lieu.

Conjugation

Etymology 2

From reporter.

Pronunciation

/ʁǝpɔʁtɛʁ/

Noun

fr-noun m
  1. reporter

See also

Extensive Definition

A reporter is a type of journalist who researches and presents information in certain types of mass media.
Reporters gather their information in a variety of ways, including tips, press releases, and witnessing events. They perform research through interviews, public records, and other sources. The information-gathering part of the job is sometimes called "reporting" as distinct from the production part of the job, such as writing articles. Reporters generally split their time between working in a newsroom and going out to witness events or interview people.
Most reporters working for major news media outlets are assigned an area to focus on, called a beat or patch. They are encouraged to cultivate sources to improve their information gathering.

Analyzing Reporting

It is important when reading or watching a news report to understand how to assess the information that is being provided. Ask the following questions: Is the reporter being paid for the story? Ask who posted the report? Who posted it? Who said it? What was the question? What is the answer? Why should I believe you? How can I believe you? Do Americans really believe this or say that? Are the words loaded? Do you really care?(VAW, 2008, CCPOSC111)

Career

Reporters working for major Western news media usually have a university or college degree. The degree is sometimes in journalism, but in most countries, that is generally not a requirement. When hiring reporters, editors tend to give much weight to the reporter's previous work (such as newspaper clippings), even when written for a student newspaper or as part of an internship.

Reporters in the UK and the United States

In the United Kingdom, editors often require that prospective trainee reporters have completed the NCTJ (National College for the Training of Journalists) preliminary exams. After 18 months to two years on the job, trainees will take a second set of exams, known collectively as the NCE. Upon completion of the NCE, the candidate is considered a fully-qualified senior reporter and usually receives a (very) small pay raise. In the United States, there is no set requirement for a particular degree (and licensing journalists would be unconstitutional under the First Amendment), although almost all newspapers, wire services, television news, and radio news operations hire only college graduates and expect prior experience in journalism, either at a student publication or through an internship.
Although their work can also often make them into minor celebrities, most reporters in the United States and the United Kingdom earn relatively low salaries. It is not uncommon for a reporter fresh out of college working at a small newspaper to make $20,000 annually or less. But according to the 2006 survey of journalism/mass communication graduates released in August 2007 by Dr. Lee B. Becker (University of Georgia), the average starting salary for a daily newspaper reporter in 2006 was $26,000, and the average salary at a weekly newspaper was $22,880. The average salary in radio was $23,400, while the average salary in broadcast television was $21,840, and in cable television $25,012. Despite many college students' perceptions that newspapers pay the most poorly, both dailies and weeklies are paying more than broadcast television, which actually pays the poorest of any mass communication industry or profession (advertising graduates got $26,988 and public relations graduates got $28,964 in 2006). Around £12,000 is a typical starting wage in the UK. In order to move to larger papers, it is common for reporters to start with newspapers in small towns and move their way up the ladder, though The New York Times has been known to hire reporters with only a few years experience, based on talent and expertise in particular areas. Many reporters also start as summer interns at large papers and then move to reporting jobs at medium sized papers. ..
The same job prospects fall into the television reporting business, with reporters starting in small markets and moving up the larger markets and to national news programs.
reporter in Turkish: Muhabir

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

a tale-bearing animal, adviser, anchorman, announcer, annunciator, authority, broadcaster, busybody, cameraman, channel, city editor, columnist, commentator, communicant, communicator, copy chief, copy editor, copyman, copyreader, correspondent, cub reporter, diaskeuast, editor, editorial writer, enlightener, expert witness, feature editor, foreign correspondent, gazetteer, gossip, gossip columnist, gossiper, gossipmonger, grapevine, herald, informant, information center, information medium, informer, interviewee, interviewer, journalist, leader writer, leg man, managing editor, monitor, mouthpiece, news editor, newscaster, newsman, newsmonger, newspaperman, newspaperwoman, newswriter, notifier, official spokesman, own correspondent, paragrapher, paragraphist, photojournalist, press, pressman, prolocutor, prolocutress, prolocutrix, public relations officer, publicist, publisher, quidnunc, radio, rapporteur, reader, reviser, rewrite man, rewriter, rumormonger, scandalmonger, slotman, sob sister, source, speaker, special correspondent, spokesman, spokeswoman, sports editor, stringer, subeditor, tabby, talebearer, taleteller, tattler, tattletale, television, teller, telltale, tipster, tittle-tattler, tout, voice, war correspondent, witness, yenta
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